Thanks to Patrick and to ‘Justaddwater’ for the links and photos they sent us in response to the last podcast. We’re always excited to find new stuff, and in this field answers always lead to more questions! Keep an eye out for our upcoming podcast on the enigmatic and less explored site of Abu Sir and Abu Gurob!
Pukajay Productions recently visited the Serapeum at Saqqara with Yousef Awyan from the Khemit School of Ancient Mysticism.
Check out the video on youtube and ensure you watch in HD!
Although not our first visit to the site, it continues to inspire awe and appreciation every time you enter the underground structure.
The Serapeum is a fascinating site. Located at Saqqara, Egypt, it’s a short drive from Giza through mazy Cairo streets and congested traffic.
The Serapeum is a unique underground complex of passages with recessed depressed alcoves, most of which house giant precision-carved boxes made from Syenite (with porphyritic diorite) or in some cases Rose (or Red) granite.
The site is officially dated to around 1300 BCE, during the reign of Khaemweset, (the son of Ramesses II) due to the style of the writing found on three of the boxes. (And a supposed further chamber never found again, more on that later). Egyptology maintains this site was hollowed out of the bedrock at that time, and used for symbolic burials of the Apis bulls. A later dynasty under Psamtik I then excavated and reused it.
There are some problems with this assessment, however.
Like other ancient sites around the world, we can see that there are multiple inheritances of the same site. The Greco-Roman style writings are likely from the Ptolemaic era, the era when it was rediscovered by Psamtik I.
This writing presents 98% of the case for the dating of the site,and of the 25 sarcophagi in the Serapeum, only 3 have writings. But, as you will see in the video and photographs, the writing on the boxes barely scratches the surface. It’s uneven, the lines aren’t straight, or parallel. Indeed, it’s some of the worst work you are likely to see.
This is very odd, since clearly with the unused shen rings in the box, it was being created to sell or trade to a high ranking individual. If you can carve the boxes out, with near perfect right angles, and you can polish the box to such an incredible finish still almost perfect thousands of years later, you can surely carve a few symbols clearly and cleanly into the exterior of the box? The evident lack of ability to carve hieroglyphs into the box is problematic.
The black boxes are made out of Syenite riddled with a porphyritic diorite conglomerate.
At 5.5 – 6.5 on the mohs scale of hardness, syenite is already much too hard for copper or even iron tools to be effective, but in this particular case the syenite is harder, due to the conglomerates within it (comprised of the porphyritic diorite). Iron will probably barely scratch the surface, indeed, it’s likely the chicken scratch ‘hieroglyphic graffiti’ was done using iron.
So this is a problem, how is it that you are removing that volume of stone from the interior of the boxes, including the near right angles etc? With iron or copper tools and pounding stones?
How are you excavating and positioning that weight in stone blocks?
How are you polishing such a difficult sub vitreous surface to such a long lasting high sheen? How are you keeping that polish consistent in the inside of the hollowed out crack or fracture lines?
These after all are the tools Egyptologists are stuck with, the copper (and later iron) chisels, the pounding stones, the rock and sand granule hand polishing.
Very often we see the early dynasties obsessed with using certain types of stone in very specific ways, often stone they are not supposed to have the ability to quarry, move or shape with the tools and level of craftsmanship attributed to them, and brought in from great distances. The Serapeum fits this modus operandi, in fact syenite takes its name from Syene, the Greek name for the ancient Egyptian city Swennet, which became Aswan, the location of the granite quarries some 900km distant from Cairo and the Serapeum.
The next issue we come across is the burrowing into the bedrock to create this site. It’s entirely underground, hollowed out rather than built, and the boxes moved into place along corridors that are so narrow in comparison, that in many cases there is less than six inches room on either side of the boxes. These boxes were then lowered into recessed alcoves, some of which again are barely wider than the boxes they house.
There is also evidence that the boxes were at least completed underground, if not entirely processed.
The smallest of these boxes weighs an estimated 50 tons. The largest is over 100 (with lid). How were ancient Egyptians maneuvering 100 ton boxes in the dark underground with no room on either side, and only room for 4 or 5 people across?
How the ancients were lighting the Serapeum is not clear either. There is no soot or flame residue on the ceilings, and fire would likely create oxygen problems, especially with the presumed amount of manpower necessary for the task of excavation and moving 50 – 100 ton boxes.
Some people have mentioned mirrors for reflection of light. First we must remember that until the 19th century there was no known method for blowing straight glass, so glass mirrors prior to that time were very small curved glass pieces that gave a distorted image. So they would have used polished metal mirrors. The reflective abilities of polished silver would likely struggle to light more than the closest area to the doors, let alone the depths of this complex.
Another problem is that the site is clearly being renovated, either by the dynasty supposedly building it or sometime during or after Psamtik I’s reign. This is not an uncommon discovery, the Sphinx also clearly has early dynastic repairs..at a time it was supposedly new. Here we find recycled floor tiles with hieroglyphs on, being used to redo the floors. But these renovations happen around the boxes, the floor under the boxes is left in its original state. Suddenly you realize: The renovators couldn’t move the boxes! They can’t write on the boxes, they can’t move the boxes..what is really going on here? Have later dynasties lost the abilities of earlier dynasties? Or is the history of these objects longer and more auspicious than we currently accept?
All the boxes except one were open when the Serapeum was found again. In 1850 Auguste Marriete found a sphinx’s head sticking out of the sand, excavated it and followed the path to the Serapeum. He excavated most of the current site and dynamited his way into the remaining box. Inside he reportedly found the mummified remains of an Apis bull. (If you look in the Agriculture museum you see the non-mummified remains of three bulls presented as what he found). His excavation notes were subsequently ‘lost’.
Another way the site is dated (via connection to Khaemweset, Ramesses II’s son), is by the account of Mariette’s discovery and identification of three sarcophagi in a chamber that was supposedly ‘too dangerous to excavate’. This chamber was never found again, or examined by anyone else.
Since all the boxes save one were open, Egyptologists consider the site as robbed, or looted. Considering the tight spaces,and the fact that in 1850 with much available manpower they were reliant on dynamite to get into the box, who it was supposedly looted by and how is an interesting question to consider.
We would struggle today to remove the larger boxes down there. Short of excavating the site through the bedrock ceilings and craning them out, it seems an almost impossible task.
Lastly, the polish on the boxes. As mentioned earlier, and as we discover in the video, Yousef Awyan first noticed a liquid residue on the underside of protruding lid edges. On closer examination, this liquid trail seems to leave a polished surface behind it when it runs across an unfinished surface, such as the underside of the lid. This is seen in several different instances. The writings are done after the polish, and the interior spaces of the writings, sometimes quite large, are not polished.You also see this in the Cairo museum on statues and boxes with similarly poor dating techniques used. After a while you start to wonder: were the dynastic Egyptians creating these pieces, or just writing on them?
***In modern times, Egypt commissioned the “Egypt Rising” statue and sent it to Italy to achieve a high quality polish. Less than 100 years later, the statue is already losing its finish. Compare this to ancient Egyptian works, many sitting in the sun for thousands of years that still have an amazing finish…..
Yousef and the Khemit School can be found here: http://www.khemitology.com/
~Luke, December 2016
Our goal at Pukajay Productions is to examine our deep history and the accuracy of our current beliefs. Is it possible that there is more to our history than we remember?
Our current understanding of human civilized history goes back a mere 6,000 years- a drop in the ocean of our planet’s approximate four billion years of existence.
That we have come far enough in our science to understand the age of the planet, and the inconsistency that discovery presented with the religious beliefs of world creation, is progress indeed but we should remember that not long ago we were persecuting scientists for conflicting with the church’s story. Even today there is still significant ‘push back’ against ideas that challenge the current paradigm in uncomfortable ways.
Our scientific understanding is limited, in many ways as far as we have come, we are still in our infancy- our science corrects its major theories all the time, as we stumble across new evidence we weren’t expecting to find, and our most brilliant scientists find themselves surprised and confounded by discoveries that suddenly generate whole new fields of research.
Some of our sciences, such as archaeology, are relatively new sciences. For a long time there has been an accepted story of man’s past, and we find that this narrative has often been shaped to conform to a more comfortable belief of who we are and where we came from.
Pukajay Productions been traveling to ancient sites around the world, looking at construction oddities, strange tool marks, considering purposes for structures, and generally looking outside of the box. And we’ve found that there is much evidence that is being purposefully and systematically ignored, ridiculed, downplayed and sometimes, removed.
Very often we see narrow-minded, entirely circumstantial evidence used as the entire basis for our current viewpoint, and nowhere is this more evident than in Egypt. Everything from the alignment, construction time, purpose and credit for construction of the great pyramids, is based on the flimsiest circumstantial evidence imaginable.Egyptology is possibly the softest of sciences, and we will show you how and why this is.
From the Giza Plateau, strange sites at Saqqara and Dashur, all the way down to the Osireon at Abydos, we will show you evidence that all is not as you have been led to believe.
South America has also been subject to wishful academic timelines, and many sites there are obviously much older and display unbelievable construction techniques that still mystify us today. Sites Like Saksayhuaman, Ollantaytambo, Machu Pic’chu, Puma Punku and others all show distinct signs of different periods of construction, from the incredibly old monolithic “Hanan Pacha”, to the more cellular incredible “Urun Pacha” style construction like Saksayhuaman, the Qoriqancha and Quillarimeroq street, to the later small stone construction of the Inca, or “Ukun Pacha”.
Everywhere we go, we seek out the indigenous story, and we compare it to the orthodox story, and then we ask engineers and stonemasons what they think, and the information is stunningly different from the text books.
It appears that there has been a distinct effort to sanitize our history, and sweep what has gone before under the rug. Religion has historically played a huge part in this agenda, but it now seems certain areas of academia are playing the same game.
Despite emerging scientific theories on global catastrophic events, despite new and exciting discoveries on lateral cross species evolution, there are still massive gaps in the human story, and these are often downplayed.
Gaps in the fossil record, gaps in the evolutionary record, we are still not sure about Sapiens Sapiens and its ancestors.
Just in the past few years several new species of humanoid have been discovered that shed new light, while casting doubt on the existing beliefs.
Recent radiocarbon dating of carbonised plant remains alongside human remains along the Savannah river in South Carolina indicate that humans inhabited North America at least 50,000 years ago. According to Dr Albert Goodyear of the University of South Carolina, 50,000 years should be seen as the minimum age, and the remains are likely older.
Our developmental timeline is also questionable,if sapiens sapiens has existed in its current form for over 200,000 years, why did we not progress at a similar rate to the last 6,000 years? Why were we in the darkness, hunter-gathering and repetitively bashing rocks together for the vast majority of that time before the sudden explosion of agriculture, art, engineering and societization that we see in the last 6,000 year period? Is it possible that there is something we have missed? Something we have forgotten?
We take a lot of information from our early histories, but we seem to dismiss as fable this flood and extinction ‘myth’ or ‘legend’ that all our religions and indigenous histories seem to have. Perhaps it is just too hard for some to imagine such a massive event as to throw into doubt the continuation of not just our species, but most species all over the globe.
Were we wiped from the face of the earth? If so, have we been wiped from the face of the earth multiple times? Is there evidence of such events? Is there evidence of our prior existence that we have shoehorned into our current timeline because we were unable or unwilling to see it?
We at Pukajay Productions have been reading the works of many authors and researchers who have been asking these questions and presenting their findings, often to fierce resistance, and we have been asking our own questions, to these authors, researchers, stonemasons, geologists, indigenous history keepers and each other.. Who are we really? How long have we been here? Will these global events happen again? If so, when is this likely to happen again?
Our goal is to present all these questions, compare and contrast all the evidence, and hopefully a bigger, fascinating picture will emerge that will help to challenge our current understanding of history as we know it..